Know The Dangers Of High Blood Pressure

The dangers of high blood pressure involves a wide spectrum of essential body parts that if triggered may turn out as a silent killer. If uncontrolled, it may result to disability, poor quality of life and even a fatal heart attack.

There is a lot of sense in knowing the dangers brought about by high blood pressure if only to serve as a warning to people who live life to the fullest literally; which means they eat and drink and stay merry all the time! So what are the top dangers as identified by high blood pressure signs?

First on the list is the damage it brings to one’s arteries. A blood pressure shooting up initially affects the flow of blood in the arteries. Too much pressure in the arteries from high blood pressure alters the cells of the arteries and its inner lining. That launches a cascade of events that make artery walls thick and stiff, a disease called arteriosclerosis. Circulating fats pass through the altered cells and accumulate to start the process of atherosclerosis. It then obstructs the flow of blood to the heart, the kidney, brain and other parts which in turn can lead to heart attack, heart failure, stroke, and kidney failure. At times, it could even lead to aneurism that if ruptured can cause life-threatening internal bleeding.

Another danger of high blood pressure is the damage that it brings to the heart. When blood can't flow freely to your heart, you can experience chest pain, a heart attack or irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias). People with high blood pressure and at the same time experience a heart attack are more likely to die of that attack than people who don't have high blood pressure. It is usually called Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Over time, the added exertion demanded by high blood pressure can cause the heart muscle to weaken and work less efficiently. Eventually, the overwhelmed heart simply begins to wear out and fail.

The brain is another part that gets damaged when blood pressure shoots up because it depends on nourishing blood supply in order to function and survive. One result is Dementia, a brain disease resulting in impaired thinking, speaking, reasoning, memory, vision and movement. Vascular dementia can result from extensive narrowing and blockage of the arteries that supply blood to the brain. It can also result from strokes caused by an interruption of blood flow to the brain. A stroke may even result to high blood pressure when the brain is deprived by oxygen and nutrients and this usually happens when the blood pressure is uncontrolled.

High blood pressure also damages the kidneys since kidneys are also highly dependent on the blood vessels in filtering and excreting excess fluid and wastes from the blood. It can damage both the large arteries leading to the kidneys and the tiny blood vessels (glomeruli) within the kidneys. Damage to either disrupts the ability of the kidneys to filter waste products from your blood. As a result, dangerous levels of fluid and waste can accumulate. Over time, the excessive pressure of blood coursing through a weakened artery can cause a section to enlarge and form a bulge — the aneurysm. Aneurysms can rupture and cause life-threatening internal bleeding.

Eyes are also vulnerable in the increase of blood pressure. It damages the vessels supplying blood to the retina. Damaged enough, the blood vessels can leak or become blocked, resulting in retinopathy. This condition can lead to bleeding in the eye, microaneurysms, swelling of the optic nerve, blurred vision and complete loss of vision.

The dangers of high blood pressure are common knowledge even to the ordinary people and yet most people become complacent about their health and continue to abuse their health. Taking time to eat right, walk right and even talk right can lead to a long life sans the problems and dangers of high blood pressure.

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