Diabetes And High Blood Pressure: What You Should Know About Them

Diabetes and high blood pressure are very serious diseases and a person having a combination of these diseases should be more careful about his health and lifestyle than most people.

Diabetes occurs when the body is either not able to make insulin or use insulin correctly. Insulin is the hormone that promotes the transfer of glucose from blood into cells where it is used for energy. Due to the lack or incorrect use of insulin, too much sugar stays in the blood. The abnormally increased amount of sugar in the blood can damage different parts of the body, including the heart, blood vessels, eyes, nerves and kidneys. As a result, diabetes can cause complications, or damage to other body functions.

Artherosclerosis which can lead to ohigh blood pressure, is more common in diabetics. Where blood sugar is high this is associated with increased oxidation damage to blood vessels. This damage in itself and the healing of the damage with the formation of scar tissue causes artery hardening. Scar locations in blood vessels are also be sites for the formation of artheromatic plaques which narrow blood vessels further. Narrowing and hardening of blood vessels is the condition thought to cause high blood pressure.

There are other probable reasons why diabetes and high blood pressure are linked. Most Type 2 diabetes patients have additional risk factors that are commonly associated with later high blood pressure. These factors include truncal obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, elevated triglyceride and LDL cholesterol and a lowered HDL cholesterol level. These factors further increase the risk to diabetic patients of heart disease or stroke. Based on statistics, it is estimated that more than 65% of diabetes patients die from heart disease or stroke.

A great number of people who become diabetic are overweight. In fact being overweight is one of the major conditions putting a person at risk of becoming diabetic. However, being overweight is also one of the major indicators of later high blood pressure. High blood pressure can also worsen complications that occur in diabetes such as kidney damage or retinopathy.

The good new is that both diabetes and high blood pressure can be treated and managed. Although diabetes cannot be cured, proper medication, and healthy living can bring blood sugar down to manageable levels allowing the patient to live a fairly normal life. In addition, blood pressure can be lowered to normal levels by employing the same methods of healthy living and proper nutrition used to treat diabetes. This is why in most cases the overall non-drug management of both high blood pressure and diabetes is the same.

If you already have diabetes, make sure you check your blood pressure regularly. Have regular medical checkups. Take your medications regularly. Follow a strict healthy diet which should be either prescribed by your doctor or a nutritionist who is aware of your condition. In most cases, your doctor may also prescribe a regular exercise regimen which you should also follow.

In summary, eat right and healthily, exercise regularly, keep your diabetes and high blood pressure in check and have a positive attitude in life. These will go a long way to keeping both conditions under control.

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